They act by inhibiting sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2). SGLT2 inhibitors are used in the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Apart from blood sugar control, gliflozins have been shown to provide significant cardiovascular benefit in T2DM patients. The gliflozins are used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus but are most often used as second- or third-line agents instead of first-line because there are other medications on the market that have much longer safety record and are less expensive than gliflozins. A recent systematic review and network meta-analysis (comparing SGLT-2 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors) demonstrated that use of SGLT2 inhibitors was associated with a 20% reduction in death compared with placebo or no treatment. Genital infections seem to be the most common adverse effect of gliflozins. In clinical trials mycotic infections, urinary tract infections and osmotic diuresis were higher in patients treated with gliflozins. propecia hair growth reviews 500 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 500mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 390 mg metformin base. 750 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 750 mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 585 mg metformin base. 500 mg: White to off-white, round, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '500'. 1000 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 1000 mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 780 mg metformin base. 750 mg: White capsule-shaped, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '750' and on the other side with 'Merck'. 1000 mg: White to off-white capsule-shaped, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '1000' and on the other side with 'MERCK'. • Reduction in the risk or delay of the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adult, overweight patients with IGT* and/or IFG*, and/or increased Hb A1C who are: - at high risk for developing overt type 2 diabetes mellitus (see section 5.1) and - still progressing towards type 2 diabetes mellitus despite implementation of intensive lifestyle change for 3 to 6 months Treatment with Glucophage SR must be based on a risk score incorporating appropriate measures of glycaemic control and including evidence of high cardiovascular risk (see section 5.1). 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Metformin is one of the oldest drugs for the treatment of pancreatic diabetes type 2. The experience of this drug use was started in the beginning of 50th XX century, in the clinical practice. Metformin has been the most effective and stable drug to reduce the glucose level in the blood for more than 60 years. Metformin belongs to the list of the most important medical products of the World Health Organization. There are almost no drugs on the pharmaceutical market which acts quickly, effectively, and does not cause a lot of the side effects as Metformin. The pharmacological action of the drug consists in that reaching the body Metformin reduces the concentration of glucose in the blood by means of the reduction of the production of glucose in the liver. As the studies show the patients with pancreatic diabetes have the production of glucose in liver by 3 times higher than needed. I am a physician with a keen interest in the molecular biology of aging. 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