Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium

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    Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium


    To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablets and other antibacterial drugs, amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablets should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablets are an oral antibacterial combination consisting of the semisynthetic antibiotic amoxicillin and the β-lactamase inhibitor, clavulanate potassium (the potassium salt of clavulanic acid). Amoxicillin is an analog of ampicillin, derived from the basic penicillin nucleus, 6-aminopenicillanic acid. Chemically, amoxicillin is ( It is a β-lactam structurally related to the penicillins and possesses the ability to inactivate a wide variety of β-lactamases by blocking the active sites of these enzymes. Clavulanic acid is particularly active against the clinically important plasmid-mediated β-lactamases frequently responsible for transferred drug resistance to penicillins and cephalosporins. Chemically, clavulanate potassium is potassium ( M. 237.25 Each tablet contains 500 mg or 875 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate and 125 mg clavulanic acid as the potassium salt. Each amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablet contains 0.63 m Eq potassium. The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, including infections of the ears, lungs, sinus, skin, and urinary tract. Amoxicillin is in a class of medications called penicillin-like antibiotics. Clavulanic acid is in a class of medications called beta-lactamase inhibitors. It works by preventing bacteria from destroying amoxicillin. Antibiotics will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. Using antibiotics when they are not needed increases your risk of getting an infection later that resists antibiotic treatment. The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid comes as a tablet, a chewable tablet, an extended-release (long-acting) tablet, and a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. The tablets, chewable tablets, and suspension are usually taken at the start of a meal every 8 hours (three times a day) or every 12 hours (twice a day).

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    May 29, 2012. Generic Name Amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium multiple manufacturers Common Brand Name Augumentin GlaxoSmithKline U. S. This information sheet explains what amoxicillin + clavulanate does, how to take it and what side effects or problems your child may have when. Amoclan/Amoxicillin Trihydrate, Clavulanate Potassium/Amoxicillin, Clavulanate Potassium/Augmentin/Augmentin ES Oral Pwd F/Recon 5mL, 125-31.25mg.

    Generic Name: amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (am OK i SIL in KLAV ue LAN ate poe TAS ee um)Brand Names: Augmentin, Augmentin ES-600, Augmentin XR Medically reviewed by Sanjai Sinha, MD. Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. Clavulanate potassium is a beta-lactamase inhibitor that helps prevent certain bacteria from becoming resistant to amoxicillin. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium is a combination medicine used to treat many different infections caused by bacteria, such as sinusitis, pneumonia, ear infections, bronchitis, urinary tract infections, and infections of the skin. You should not use this medicine if you have severe kidney disease, if you have had liver problems or jaundice while taking amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium, or if you are allergic to any penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotic, such as Amoxil, Ceftin, Cefzil, Levaquin, Moxatag, Omnicef, and others. If you switch from one tablet form to another (regular, chewable, or extended-release tablet), take only the new tablet form and strength prescribed for you. Amoxicillin and clavulanate may not be as effective or could be harmful if you do not use the exact tablet form your doctor has prescribed. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. 125 mg amoxicillin trihydrate and 31.25 mg clavulanic acid/5 ml (after reconstitution); 200 mg amoxicillin trihydrate and 28.5 mg clavulanic acid/5 ml (after reconstitution); 250 mg amoxicillin trihydrate and 62.5 mg clavulanic acid/5 ml (after reconstitution); 400 mg amoxicillin trihydrate and 57 mg clavulanic acid/ 5 ml (after reconstitution), 600 mg amoxicillin trihydrate and 42.9 mg clavulanic acid/5 ml (after reconstitution) 125 mg amoxicillin trihydrate, 31.25 mg clavulanic acid; 200 mg amoxicillin trihydrate, 28.5 mg clavulanic acid; 250 mg amoxicillin trihydrate, 62.5 mg clavulanic acid; 400 mg amoxicillin trihydrate, 57 mg clavulanic acid For patients with creatinine clearance of 15 to 30 ml/minute, give usual dose q 12 to 18 hours. Clavulanate has only weak antibacterial activity and doesn’t affect mechanism of action of amoxicillin. If clearance is 5 to 15 ml/ minute, give usual dose q 20 to 36 hours. However, clavulanic acid has a beta-lactam ring and is structurally similar to penicillin and cephalosporins; it binds irreversibly with certain beta-lactamases and prevents them from inactivating amoxicillin, enhancing its bactericidal activity. If clearance is less than 5 ml/minute, give usual dose every 48 hours. This combination acts against penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing gram-positive bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Citrobacter diversus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella, Shigella, Clostridium, Peptococcus, and Peptostreptococcus. Some clinicians recommend not using drug if creatinine clearance is less than 30 ml/minute. Distribution: Distributed into pleural fluid, lungs, and peritoneal fluid; high urine concentrations are attained. Recurrent or persistent acute otitis media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, or Moraxella catarrhalis, in children with antibiotic exposure within the last 3 months who either attend daycare or are 2 years old or younger. Amoxicillin also is distributed into synovial fluid, liver, prostate, muscle, and gallbladder and penetrates into middle ear effusions, maxillary sinus secretions, tonsils, sputum, and bronchial secretions. Amoxicillin and clavulanate cross the placental barrier, and low concentrations appear in breast milk.

    Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium

    Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid - Wikipedia, Amoxicillin and clavulanate - AboutKidsHealth

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  7. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium is a combination medicine used to treat many different infections caused by bacteria, such as sinusitis.

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    The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium is an antibiotic in the penicillin group. It is used to treat otitis media, sinusitis and susceptible. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. Augmentin, Augmentin ES-600, Clavulin ◇. Pharmacologic classification aminopenicillin and beta-lactamase inhibitor Pediatrics. 2009 Jul;12419-15. doi 10.1542/peds.2008-2902. Effectiveness of amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium in the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis in.

     
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