Please review the following URL and make sure that it is spelled correctly. This article focuses upon hydroxychloroquine retinopathy. Chloroquine was originally used as an anti-malarial therapeutic. Chloroquine drug action Does plaquenil cause hair to.lighten Plaquenil retinal oct Plaquenil westport ct visual field Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is considered a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug DMARD. It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Hydroxychloroquine is a quinoline medicine used to treat or prevent malaria, a disease caused by parasites that enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. In the United States, hydroxychloroquine is most often used for its anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatology and dermatology. Chloroquine is now uncommonly used in favor of its derivative hydroxychloroquine. Hydroxychloroquine exam Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects., Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine. Plaquenil newbornPlaquenil for scarring alopeciaAralen vs plaquenilPlaquenil 200 mg canada priceLyrica and hydroxychloroquine A baseline ocular exam should be performed within the first year of hydroxychloroquine treatment. This baseline exam should include best corrected distance visual acuity BCVA, an automated threshold visual field VF of the central 10 degrees with retesting if an abnormality is noted, and spectral domain ocular coherence tomography SD-OCT. Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine sulfate dose, indications.. Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine - Side Effects, Dosage.. Dosage for Plaquenil. The adult dose of Plaquenil to suppress malaria is 400 mg on the same day each week. The pediatric weekly suppressive dosage is 5 mg/kg of body weight. The adult dose of Plaquenil to treat an acute attack of malaria is an initial dose of 800 mg followed by 400 mg in six to eight hours and 400 mg for two more days. A complete ophthalmologic examination is recommended before starting or within the first year of starting hydroxychloroquine therapy. During this exam, patients should receive a fundus examination; visual fields and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography SD-OCT should be added if maculopathy is present. Plaquenil can prove toxic to the retina, threatening the vision. Regular eye examinations are essential for those patients taking plaquenil because over time the retina can become damaged beyond repair. Regular medical monitoring is the only way to ensure that toxicity is not occurring.